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The significance of the extension of the automatic loom in the textile industry
At the end of seventeenth Century to early eighteenth Century, Europe invented the shuttle projection device, thus speeding up the pace of technological innovation in weaving. In 1785 the British Cartwright invented the first power loom, and began weaving era, but the principle of the weft insertion loom used in nature and have no human hand loom used different, both are quoted for a shuttle shuttle weft, two pieces of warp formed by upper and lower export the steel box, the box seat beating, which interweave and form the fabric, the weft shuttle looms are collectively referred to as the principle of shuttle loom. In the last two centuries, the shuttle loom has undergone continuous improvement. 1895 American Northrop invented a loom in operation will automatically change the weft fiber sub automatic fiber device in the shuttle, which automatically change the fiber loom. In 1926, the Japanese Toyoda Sayoshi invented an automatic shuttle loom, the TOYOTA loom, which was widely used in our country. Later someone invented a large box base and the front fiber weft winding mechanism and mechanical jacquard, dobby opening technology, so the traditional loom has been further developed into a variety of automatic loom series, to promote the use of automatic loom is of epoch-making significance in the textile industry.
Although the shuttle loom has undergone continuous reform, but the traditional weft principle unchanged, with "(Casting (shuttle) weft; (2) the contents of projectile filling package; (3) volume three characters repeatedly projected. With the heavy shuttle as weft insertion tool, limits the further improvement of shuttle locomotive speed, to 1970s. The shuttle loom has reached its top in technology, and it is impossible to expect a new breakthrough. At the beginning of twentieth Century, leading the loom designers began to deviate from the traditional weft carrier with shuttle weft, produced from a fixed installation package in sub extraction directly to the weft, the yarn loom people shed, known as shuttleless loom, including rapier, projectile, jet loom and multi phase loom.
Shuttleless looms have been applied in industry successively in the 1950s. Especially in the recent thirty years, shuttleless looms have been developing very fast, and their models are increasing and their functions are improving day by day. By the 1980s, modern microelectronics technology was widely used in looms, making it more automated, which greatly promoted the development of looms, and the cycle of loom products upgrading is shrinking. Shuttleless loom has become an irreversible trend instead of shuttleless loom. At present, a new generation of looms, such as multiphase looms and knitting machines, have also developed.